Medicinal Plants and Natural Herbs of Assam

Medicinal Plants & Natural Herbs of Assam
Sl. No Botanical name   Family   Local name
1 Abelmoschus manihot Malvaceae Usipak
2 Abelmoschus moschatus Malvaceae Gorokhia koroiNeem-Assam
3 Abroma augusta Sterculiaceae Gorokhia koroi
4 Abrus precatorius Papilionaceae Latumoni
5 Abutilon indicum Malvaceae Pera petari
6 Acacia catechu Mimosaceae Khair
7 Acacia pennata Mimosaceae
8 Acalypha indica Euphorbiaceae
9 Achyranthes aspera Amaranthaceae Hatisur
10 Acarus calamus Araceae Bach
11 Actinodaphne angustifolia Lauraceae Petarichawa
12 Adiantum capillus-veneris Adiantaceae
13 Aegle marmelos Rutaceae Bel
14 Ageratum conyzoides Asteraceae
15 Ailanthus altissima Simaroubaceae
16 Ajuga bracteosa Lamiaceae Nilakantha
17 Albizia lebbeck Mimosaceae
18 Albizia odoratissima Mimosaceae
19 Allamanda cathartica Apocynaceae
20 Allium sativum Liliaceae Naharu
21 Alocasia indica Araceae
22 Alocasia macrorrhiza Araceae Boro mankachu  
23 Aloe barbadensis Liliaceae Sal konwari
24 Alpinia allughas Zingiberaceae
25 Alstonia scholaris Apocynaceae Satiana
26 Alternanthera sessilis Amaranthaceae Mati-kanduri
27 Altingia excelsa Altingiaceae Jutuli
28 Amaranthus spinosus Amaranthaceae Khutura
29 Amomum aromaticum Zingiberaceae
30 Amorphophallus campanulatus Araceae
31 Andrographis paniculata Acanthaceae Sirata
32 Anthocephalus cadamba Rubiaceae Kadom
33 Antidesma accuminatum Euphorbiaceae Bor-heloch
34 Antidesma bunius Euphorbiaceae
35 Antidesma diandrum Euphorbiaceae Abutenga
36 Antidesma ghaesembilla Euphorbiaceae Heloch
37 Aquilaria malacensis Thymelaeaceae Agaru, Sasi-goss
38 Areca catechu Arecaceae Tamul
39 Argemone maxicana Papaveraceae Kuhum kata
40 Argyria strigosa Convolvulaceae
41 Aristolochia tagala Aristolochiaceae Belikol, chohu
42 Artocarpus heterophyllus Moraceae
43 Asparagus racemosa Liliaceae Satmul
44 Atriplex hortensis Orache Pahari palang
45 Averrhoa carambola Oxalidaceae
46 Azadirachta indica Meliaceae Mahanim
47 Azanza lampas Malvaceae Bon kapah
48 Baccaurea ramiflora Euphorbiaceae Leteku
49 Bacopa monnieri Scrophulariaceae Brahmi
50 Baliospurmum montanum Euphorbiaceae
51 Barringtonia acutangula Barringtoniaceae
52 Bauhinia purpurea Caesalpiniaceae
53 Belamcanda chinensis Iridaceae Surjakanti
54 Bidens pilosa Asteraceae
55 Biophvtum sensitivum Oxalidaceae
56 Blechnum orientale Blechnaceae Dhekia
57 Blumea lacera Asteraceae
58 Boerhavia diffusa Nyctaginaceae Ponownua
59 Bombax ceiba Bombacaceae Simalu
60 Borreria hispida Rubiaceae
61 Brassica juncea Brassicaceae Lai
62 Bridelia montana Euphorbiaceae
63 Butea monosperma Fabaceae Palas
64 Byttneria grandiflora Sterculiaceae Tikani barua
65 Caesalpinia bonducella Caesalpiniaceae
66 Callicarpa arborea Verbenaceae
67 Callicarpa longifolia Verbenaceae
68 Calotropis gigantea Asclepiadaceae Akan
69 Calotropis procera Asclepiadaceae Akan
70 Camellia chinensis Theaceae Sah goss (Tea plant)
71 Cannabis sativa Cannabinaceae Bhang
72 Cardiospermum helicacabum Sapindaceae Kapalphuta
73 Carallia brachiata Rhizophoraceae Kanthekera
74 Cassia alata Caesalpiniaceae Khor goss
75 Cassia fistula Caesalpiniaceae Sunaru
76 Cassia occidentalia Caesalpiniaceae
77 Cassia sophera Caesalpiniaceae
78 Cassia tora Caesalpiniaceae
79 Catharanthus rose us Apocynaceae Nayantara
80 Cayratia carnosa Vitaceae Ghepeta Iota
81 Cedrela toona Meliaceae Poma
82 Celestrus paniculatus Celastraceae
83 Centella asiatica Apiaceae Manimuni
84 Chenopodium album Chenopodiaceae Jilmil sak
85 Chenopodium ambrossoides Chenopodiaceae
86 Cinnamomum sulphuratum Lauraceae
87 Cinnamomum tomato Lauraceae Tejpat
88 Cinnamomum obtusifolium Lauraceae Patihonda, patichanda
89 Chukrasia tubularis Meliaceae Boga poma
90 Cissampelos pareira Menispermaceae
91 Cissus quadrangularis Vitaceae
92 Cissus rependa Vitaceae Medmedia lota
93 Cleome viscosa Capparidaceae
94 Clerodendrum colebrookianum Verbinaceae Nephaphu
95 Clerodendrum indicum Verbinaceae Dhaptita
96 Clerodendrum inerme Verbinaceae
97 Clerodendrum infortunatum Verbinaceae Dhapatita
98 Clitoria ternatea Fabaceae Aparajita
99 Coccinia benghalensis Cucurbitaceae
100 Coriandrum sativum Apiaceae Dhania
101 Costus speciosus Zingiberaceae Jomlakhuti
102 Crescentia cujete Bignoniaceae
103 Crotalaria albida Fabaccae Ban-methi
104 Croton caudatus Euphorbiaceae Lata-mahudi
105 Croton joufra Euphorbiaceae Mahudi
106 Croton tighlium Euphorbiaceae Koni bih
107 Cryptolepis buccnani Asclepiadaceae
108 Curculigo orchidioides Amaryllidaceae
109 Curcuma amada Zingiberaceae Amada
110 Curcuma aromatica Zingiberaceae Ban-haladhi
111 Curcuma caesia Zingiberaceae Kola-haladhi
112 Curcuma domestica Zingiberaceae Haladhi
113 Curcuma longa Zingiberaceae Haladhi
114 Curcuma zedoaria Zingiberaceae
115 Cuscuta reflexa Convolvulaceae Akashi-lota
116 Cymbopogon flexuosus Poaceae Lemon grass
117 Cymbopogon khasinanus Poaceae
118 Cymbopogon pendulus Poaceae
119 Cynodon dactylon Poaceae
120 Cyperus rotundus Cyperaceae
121 Dalbergia pinnata Fabaceae
122 Datura fastuosa Solanaceae Dhatura
123 Datura stramonium Solanaceae Kola-dhatura
124 Deeringia amaranthoides Amaranthaceae Rangoli lota
125 Derriis cuneifolia Fabaceae
126 Desmodium gangeticum Fabaceae
127 Dillenia indica Dilleniaceae Outenga
128 Dillenia pentagyna Dilleniaceae Akshi
129 Dillenia scabrella Dilleniaceae Banji-ou
130 Dioscorea alata Dioscoreaceae Kathalu
131 Dioscorea bulbifera Dioscoreaceae Kathalu
132 Dioscorea prazeri Dioscoreaceae
133 Diospyros peregrina Ebenaceae
134 Dischidia rafflesiana Asclepiadaceae Honkha ojhar mana
135 Dracaena angustifolia Liliaceae
136 Dregea volubilis Asclepiadaceae Khomal Iota
137 Drymaria cordata Caryophyllaceae
138 Drynaria quercifolia Polypodiaceae
139 Eclipta alba Asteraceae Kenharaj
140 Elaeocarpus sphaericus Elaeocarpaceae Ridra rudrakhya
141 Elsholtzia blanda Lamiaceae Bon-tulasi
142 Embelia ribes Myrsinaceae
143 Emblica officinalis Euphorbiaceae Amlakhi
144 Engelhardita spicata Juglandaceae Lewa Lal-amiri
145 Enhydra fluctuans Asteraceae Helochi
146 Entada phaseoloides Mimosaceae Gila-lewa
147 Erioglossum rubiginosum Sapindaceae Abigran
148 Eryngium foetidum Apiaceae Jongoli-memedhu
149 Erythrina stricta Fabaceae Madar
150 Eugenia formosa Myrtaceae
151 Eugenia jambolana Myrtaceae Loha-jam
152 Eugenia kurzii Myrtaceae Bogijamuk
153 Eupatorium cannabinum Asteraceae Tong-loti
154 Eupatorium odoratum Asteraceae Jarmoni ban
155 Euphorbia hirta Euphorbiaceae
156 Euphorbia neriifolia Euphorbiaceae Hiju
157 Eurya japonica Theaceae Saseni, murmura
158 Euryale ferox Nymphaeaceae Makhana
159 Ficus bengalensis Moraceae Bor goss
160 Ficus benjamina Moraceae Chilubor goss
161 Ficus hispida Moraceae
162 Ficus religiosa Moraceae
163 Flemingia strobilifera Flagellariaceae
164 Garcinia cowa Clusiaccae Kujithekera
165 Garcinia lanceaefolia Clusiaceae
166 Garcinia morella Clusiaceae Kujithekera
167 Garcinia pedunculata Clusiaceae Bor-thekera
168 Gardenia campanulata Rubuaceae Bitmara, bhi-mona
169 Garuga pinnata Burseraceae Thotrnola, rohimola
Gendheli-poma
170 Gmelina arborea Verbenaceae Gomari
171 Gloriosa superba Liliaceae Agnisikha
172 Glycosmis pentaphylla Rutaceae Hengena poka
173 Gnetum gnemon Gnetaceae
174 Gnetum montanum Gnetaceae Mameilet
175 Grewia hirsuta Tiliaceae Sukta-pata
176 Gynocardia odorata Flacourtiaceae Lamtem
177 Hedychium spicatum Zingeberaceae Karpur
178 Hedyotis scandens Rubiaceae Bhedeli -lota
179 Heliotropium indicum Boraginaceae -
180 Helminthostachys zeylanica Helminthostachyceae -
181 Hibiscus rosa-sinensis Malvaceae Joba
182 Hiptage benghalensis Malpighiaceae Kerek-Iota
183 Holarrhena antidysenterica Apocynaceae Dudkhuri, kutuj
184 Homonoia riparia Euphorbiaceae Hil-kadam
185 Horsfieldia kingii Myrsticaceae Amol
186 Houttuynia cordata Saururaceae -
187 Hovenia dulcis Rhamnaceae Chetia-bola
188 Hydnocarpus kurzii Flacourtiaceae Chalmugra, lamtem
189 Hymenodictyon excelsum Rubiaceae Kodam
190 Hypercium petulum Hypericaceae -
191 Ichnocarpus frutescens Apocynaceae Lomakandol
192 Impatiens tripetala Balsaminaceae Koria bijol, dumdeuka
193 1pomea batats Convolvulaceae Mitha-alu
194 Ipomea eriocarpa Convolvulaceae Kalmow
195 1xora coccinea Rubiaceae Rangol
196 Jatropha curcas Euphorbiaceae Bongali bhotera
197 Jatropha gossypifolia Euphorbiaceae Bbotera
198 Juglans regia Juglandaceae Akhrot
199 Jussiaea suffraticosa Onagraceae -
200 Justicia gendarussa Acanthaceae Tita-bahek
201 Kayea assamica Clusiaceae Sia-nahar
202 Kirganelia reticulata Euphorbiaceae Amloki
203 Knema angustifolia Myrtaceae Mota-pasuti, tezranga
204 Lagenaria siceraria Cucurbitaceae Jati-lau, lau
205 Lagerstroemia speciosa Lythraceae Azar
206 Lannea coromandelica Anacardiaceae -
207 Laportea crenulata Urticaceae Sorat goss
208 Lasia spinosa Araceae -
209 Lawsonia inermis Lythraceae Jetuka, mehendi
210 Leea aequata Vitaceae -
211 Leea crispa Vitaceae -
212 Leea indica Vitaceae Kukurathengia
213 Leucas linifolia Lamiaceae Doron bon
214 Linostoma decandrum Thymelaeaceae Bakalbih, ruteng
215 Lippia germinata Verbenaceae -
216 Lithocarpus fenestratus Fagaceae Kuhi
217 Litsea cubeba Lauraceae Mejankari -
218 Litsea glutinosa Lauraceae Heluka, bagnala
219 Litsea monopetala Lauraceae Hoanlu
220 Litsea salicifolia Lauraceae Dighloti
221 Lycopodium cernuum Lycopodiaceae -
222 Lycopodium clavatum Lycopodiaceae -
223 Macrosolen cochinchinensis Loranthaceae Raghumola
224 Maesa indica Myrsinaceae Awuapat, maahpora
225 Mallotus philippensis Euphorbiaceae Jorat, losan
226 Mangifera sylvatica Anacardiaceae Bon-am
227 Manihot esculenta Euphorbiaceae Simalu-alu
228 Melastoma malabathricum Melastomataceae Phutuka
229 Melia azedarach Meliaceae Ghora-nim
230 Merremia umbellata Convolvulaceae Goria loti, kolia lata
231 Mesua ferrea Clusiaceae Nahor
232 Meyna laxiflora Rubiaceae Kutkura, moin
233 Mezoneuron cucullatum Caesalpiniaceae Bagh-anchora
234 Michelia champaca Magnoliaceae Titasopa
235 Michelia Montana Magnoliaceae Pansopa
236 Microtoena insuavis Lamiaceae Asomia patchouli
237 Millettia pachycarpa Fabaceae Bokol bih
238 Mimosa pudica Mimosaceae Nilajiban
239 Mimusops elengi Sapotaceae Bokul, gokul
240 Mirabilis jalapa Nyctaginaceae Gadhuli -gopal
241 Mitragyna rotundifolia Rubiaceae Timi
242 Momordica dioica Cucurbitaceae Bhatkarela
243 Moringa oleifera Moringaceae Sajina
244 Morus alba Moraceae Nuni goss
245 Mucuna prurita Fabaceae Bandar kekua
246 Murraya koenigii Rutaceae Narasingha
247 Murraya paniculata Rutaceae -
248 Mussaenda glabra Rubiaceae Sonarupa
249 Myrica esculenta Myricaceae Nagatenga
250 Nasturtium indicum Brassicaceae -
251 Nelumbo nucifera Nymphaeaceae Podum
252 Nerium indicum Apocynaceae Karabi
253 Nyctanthus arbor-tristis Oleaceae Sewali phul
254 Nymphaea alba Nymphaeaceae Bhet , kumud
255 Nymphaea stellata Nymphaeaceae Neel-padma
256 0cimum basilicum Lamiaceae Tulasi
257 0cimum gratissimum Lamiaceae Ram-tulasi
258 0cimum sanctum Lamiaceae Kola-tulasi
259 0lax acuminata Olacaceae -
260 0ldenlandia corymbosa Olacaceae -
261 Oroxylum indicum Bignoniaceae Bhatghila
262 0sbekia nepalensis Melastomataceae Boga-phutuka
263 0xalis corniculata Oxalidaceae Tengeshi-tenga
264 Paederia foetida Rubiaceae Bhedeli-lota
265 Peperomia pellucida Piperaceae -
266 Phlogocanthus thyrsiflorus Acanthaceae Tita-phul
267 Phylanthus fraternus Euphorbiaceae Bhui-amlakhi (1)
268 Phyllanthuis urinaria Euphorbiaceae Bhui-amlakhi (2)
269 Phytolacca acinosa Phytolaccaceae Jaiong
270 Picrasma javanica Simaroubaceae Bon-posala, nimita
271 Piper betle Piperaceae Pan
272 Piper longum Piperaceae Pipoli
273 Piper nigram Piperaceae Jaluk
274 Pithecellobium clypearia Mimosaceae Bhasahu
275 Pithecellobium monadelphum Mimosaceae Moj, Bhasahu
276 Plumbago indica Plumbaginaceae Ronga-agechi
277 Plumbago zeylenica Plumbaginaceae Boga-agechi
278 Plumeria acuminata Apocynaceae Gulanchi,gulancha
279 Pogostemon parviflora Lamiaceae -
280 Polygonum chinensis Polygonaceae -
281 Polygonum micrpcephallum Polygonaceae -
282 Pongamia pinnata Fabaceae Karchaw
283 Pothos cathcartii Araceae Hathi dhekiya
284 Pueraria tuberosa Fabaceae -
285 Randia dumetorum Rubiaceae -
286 Rauvilfia serpentina Apocyanaceae Arachontita
287 Rauvolfia tetraphylla Apocyanaceae -
288 Ricinus communis Euphorbiaceae -
289 Rubia cordifolia Rubiaceae Majathi
290 Rubus moluccanus Rosaceae -
291 Rumex nepalensis Polygonaceae -
292 Salmalia malabarica Bombacaceae -
293 Saraca indica Caesalpinaceae Asoka -
294 Schima wallichii Theaceae Makriasal, nogabhe
295 Scoparia dulcis Scrophulariaceae -
296 Sesbania graniflora Fabaceae -
297 Setaria italica Poaceae Kaon
298 Sida acuta Malvaceae Boriala
299 Sida cordifolia Malvaceae Sun-borial
300 Sida rhombifolia Malvaceae Boriala
301 Smilex macrophylla Liliaceae -
302 Solanum indicum Solanaceae Tid bhakuri
303 Solanum khasianum Solanaceae -
304 Solanum nigrum Solanaceae Pichkati
305 Solanum torvum Solanaceae Bhit-tita, hathibhekuri
306 Solanum zanthocarpum Solanaceae -
307 Sonchus arvensis Asteraceae -
308 Spilanthus acmella Asteraccae Pirazha
309 Spondias pinnata Anacardiaceae Amora
310 Stachytarpheta indica Verbanaceae -
311 Stephania hernandifolia Menispermaceae Tubuki-lot, goldua
312 Streblus asper Moraceae Khorua -
313 Strychnos nux-vomica Loganiaceae -
314 Symplocos racemosa Symplocaceae Kavirang, bhomroti
315 Syzygium cumini Myrtaceae Kalajam
316 Tamarindus indica Caesalpinaceae Tetuli
317 Tectona grandis Verbanaceae Ching-jagu
318 Tephrosia candida Fabaccae Boga medaloa
319 Tephrosia purpurea Fabaceae -
320 Tephrosia vagenilis Fabaceae -
321 Terminalia arjuna Combretaceae Arjun
322 Terminalia bellirica Combretaceae -
323 Terminalia chebu;a Combretaceae Hilikha
324 Terminalia myriocarpa Combretaceae Hollock
325 Thevetia peruviana Apocyanaceae -
326 Thevetia nerifolia Apocyanaceae -
327 Tinospora cordifolia Menispermaceae -
328 Trichossanthes palmata Cucurbitaceae -
329 Tylophora indica Asclepiadaceae -
330 Typhonium trilobatum Araceae Samakosu
331 Verbena officinalis Verbenaceae -
332 Vesica adhatoda Acanthaceae Bahek
333 Vetivera zizanoides Poaceae -
334 Viburnum colebrookianum Caprifoliaceae Mezenga
335 Vinca rosea Apocyanaceae -
336 Vitex negundo Verbenaceae Posotia
337 Vitis latifoliavina rosea Vitaceae -
338 Wedelia calandulacea Asteraceae Maha -bhringraj
339 Wrightia tomentosa Apocynaceae Atkuri
340 Xanthium strumarium Asteraceae Agara
341 Xanthozylum alatum Rutaceae -
342 Xanthozylum budrunga Rutaceae Bajramani, bajranali
343 Xanthozylum nitidum Rutaceae Tejmuri, tejmui
344 Zinziber officinale Zingeberaceae Ada
345 Zingiber rubens Zingeberaceae -
346 Zingiber zerumbet Zingeberaceae Barahu
347 Ziziphus mauritiana Rhamnaceae Bogori
R : Rare; VL : Vulnerable; CR : Critically rare; E : Endemic; EN : Endangered
Source : State Biodiversity Strategy & Action Plan, Assam 2002

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